The charging of composites in the space environment

Cover of: The charging of composites in the space environment |

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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  • Spacecraft components.,
  • Electrostatic charge.,
  • Space charge.,
  • Electric discharges.,
  • Aerospace environments.,
  • Fiber composites.,
  • Dielectric properties.,
  • Mathematical models.,
  • Electrical resistivity.,
  • Epoxy matrix composites.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Steven A. Czepiela.
Series[NASA contractor report] -- NASA-CR-205728., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-205728.
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15506780M

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Get this from a library. The charging of composites in the space environment. [Steven A Czepiela; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. The charging of composites in the space environment.

By Steven Andrew Czepiela. Get PDF (11 MB) Abstract. Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Includes bibliographical references (v.2, leaves Author: Steven Andrew Czepiela.

In turn the study of these interactions provides information on the space environment. The adverse environmental effects, such as the effect of the radiation belts on electronics, and spacecraft charging from the magnetospheric plasma, means that designers need to understand interactive phenomena to be able to effectively design by: Results of an extensive ground test routine, during which the charging characteristics of numerous composites commonly used in spacecraft design, are presented for plasmas representative of spacecraft exterior and shielded locations at by: 6.

Spacecraft charging, defined as the buildup of charge in and on spacecraft materials, is a significant phenomenon for spacecraft in certain Earth and other planetary environments. Space is not empty—plasma is nearly everywhere in space.¹,² Spacecrafts interact with the space environment and may become charged.

(A spacecraft is charged if it has a net amount of positive or negative electrical charge.) The Sun controls the weather of the Earth’s space plasma environment.³,⁴ Some fundamental properties⁵ of the solar wind, magnetosphere, geosynchronous. The interaction of a space system with its orbital environment is a major consideration in the design of any space system, since a variety of hazards are associated with the operation of spacecraft in the harsh space environment.

In this brief review, two types of hazards to Earth-orbiting spacecraft are discussed: spacecraft charging and radiationFile Size: 2MB. The end result proved that space exploration in a composite built spacecraft was very possible. So, you may be wondering if all this research into composites is really that necessary when it comes to space exploration.

To put it bluntly, it is. Think about this. In space there is a. Composites in Aerospace Applications By Adam Quilter, Head of Strength Analysis Group, IHS ESDU Introduction The unrelenting passion of the aerospace industry to enhance the performance of commercial and military aircraft is constantly driving the development of improved high performance structural materials.

Composite materials are one such File Size: KB. The basic source of in-space charging problems is the charged particle environment (CPE). If that environment cannot be avoided, the next sources of ESD threats are items that can store and accumulate charge and/or energy. Ungrounded (isolated) metals are hazardous because they can accumulate charge and Size: 1MB.

The effects of AO flux and the space environment on several hundred different materials have been investigated in three Space Shuttle experiments, one satellite recovery (Long Duration Exposure Facility, LDEF), experiments aboard Russia's Mir Space Station, servicing missions on the Hubble Space Telescope, and observations on the ISS [5,7,9 Cited by: 4.

Description. In space, satellites and spacecraft materials are vulnerable. They can become charged to tens or even thousands of volts when plasmas in the space environment interact with a spacecraft. Spacecraft Charging explains this phenomenon while exploring the effects that energetic plasma has on the space environment and the objects within it.

Results of an extensive ground test routine, during which the charging characteristics of numerous composites commonly used in spacecraft design, are presented for plasmas representative of spacecraft exterior and shielded locations at GEO.

Written by one of the field's leading authorities, this essential reference enables readers to fully grasp the newest ideas and underlying physical mechanisms related to the electrostatic charging of spacecraft in the space cturer: Princeton University Press.

observed in the space environment. The aspects of the space environment section of this document discusses each aspect of the space environment and what ground simulation methods translate best to actual flight results. However, the synergism of all the elements of the space environment is difficult to duplicate on the ground.

Conveying a wealth of insight into the nature of the space environment and how spacecraft interact with it, he covers design modifications aimed at eliminating or reducing such environmental effects as solar absorptance increases caused by self-contamination, materials erosion by atomic oxygen, electrical discharges due to spacecraft charging, degradation of electrical circuits by radiation, and.

Conveying a wealth of insight into the nature of the space environment and how spacecraft interact with it, he covers design modifications aimed at eliminating or reducing such environmental effects as solar absorptance increases caused by self-contamination, materials erosion by atomic oxygen, electrical discharges due to spacecraft charging Cited by: For information contact J.

Mazur @ 7 Survey to Determine the Impact of the Space Environment on Space Systems Sponsored by the National Security Space Architect Aim was to quantify the impacts, especially cost Survey included all types of spacecraft for which we were able to find data.

THE SPACE ENVIRONMENT • Outgassing in near vacuum • Atmospheric drag • Chemical reactions • Plasma-induced charging • Radiation damage of microcircuits, solar arrays, and sensors • Single event upsets in digital devices • Hyper-velocity impacts 3File Size: KB.

Author by: Henry B. Garrett Languange: en Publisher by: John Wiley & Sons Format Available: PDF, ePub, Mobi Total Read: 97 Total Download: File Size: 51,9 Mb Description: The definitive guide to the modern body of spacecraft charging knowledge, this book authoritatively blends the theoretical and practical aspects of spacecraft defines the environment that can have.

where T E is the ambient electron temperature (in eV). Spacecraft charging is a function of the space environment characteristics, including sunlight/eclipse, solar activity, geomagnetic activity, electron flux magnitude and spectrum. Space charging report. Introduction. The report ‘Capital Funding and Estates Management in Higher Education’ published in June recommended that a substantially greater proportion of space should be subject to central timetabling and that institutions should consider the introduction of space charging schemes appropriate to their circumstances.

Introduction to Spacecraft Charging. Two remarks: (1) A discharge on a spacecraft is often called an. electrostatic discharge because magnetic ields are almost not involved.

In this context, refers a harmful. discharge discharge. (2) The word discharge. sometimes means “reduce the charging File Size: KB. Fundamentals of Spacecraft Charging is the definitive reference on the physics of spacecraft charging and is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate-level students, and professional space images inside the book are.

13 Dec SET successfully executed a suborbital mission reaching space on Blue Origin’s New Shepard space Shepard’s NS flight marks the highest altitude measurements to date for the Automated Radiation Measurements for Aerospace Safety (ARMAS) program and measured the radiation environment deriving from Galactic Cosmic Rays.

For deep-space exploratory missions, the radiation sources are due to the naturally-occurring galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) and from solar particle events (SPEs). The radiation exposure analyses discussed later is based on the GCR environment during solar minimum (epoch ), solar maximum (epoch ), and the classic series ofCited by: 4.

Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Space Shuttle program. The result was "Shuttle Light­ ning Protection Criteria Document," NSTS The lightning environment defined in this docu­ ment predated and differed somewhat from the SAE report, but key aspects of the current test waveforms are practically the same.

The space environment is typically studied in order to design and operate spacecraft. It also has impact on Earth's environment. For example, Coronal Mass Ejections more commonly known as solar storms disrupt the Earth's magnetic field.

Such events can. Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My library. A great book. I wish this had been available when I was training newly minted engineers what they needed to know about the space environment as they started their careers in aerospace.

It breaks down the key elements of the space environment in a logical way /5. The potential advantages of this large-scale rocket are incredible, but private space firms must also be aware that the potential negative impacts (both in space and on Earth) are just as large.

Space environment is a branch of astronautics, aerospace engineering and space physics that seeks to understand and address conditions existing in space that affect the design and operation of spacecraft. A related subject, space weather, deals with dynamic processes in the solar-terrestrial system that can give rise to effects on spacecraft, but that can also affect the atmosphere, ionosphere.

Composite parts for Space Airborne Space is leading the way in the engineering and manufacturing of composite panels for satellites. Through industrialisation, digitalised automation and applying different production process technologies, we are making spacecraft components more affordable for our clients.

THE CHARGING OF SPACECRAFT SURFACES H.B. Garrett The buildup of static charge on satellite surfaces is an analysis is applicable to current spacecraft charging prob-important issue in the utilization of satellite systems. The lems. This is true as in a very real sense the space vehicle.

Environment Surface charging of spacecraft materials in the geosynchronous orbit environment is caused primarily by electrons with energies in the few keV (kiloelectron volt) to tens of key range.

The potentials reached during charging events depend on many additional factors, the most important being. The Space Environment In This Section You’ll Learn to • Explain where space begins and describe our place in the universe • List the major hazards of the space environment and describe their effects on spacecraft • List and describe the major hazards of the space environment that pose a problem for humans living and working in space File Size: 1MB.

SpaceX’s upcoming rocket called Starship Super Heavy formerly known as BFR, will no longer be made out of lightweight Carbon Composites, it’ll sweat a. Fig. 5: Holding out the commercial market carrot. Since aerocomposites pioneer Burt Rutan and Scaled Composites (Mojave, CA, US) won the first cash award from the XPRIZE Foundation (Culver City, CA, US) by sending the first privately developed, piloted spacecraft beyond Earth’s atmosphere, the foundation has continued to encourage commercial space exploration.

The Impact of the Space Environment on Space Systems 20 July Prepared by H. KOONS, J. MAZUR, R. SELESNICK, J. BLAKE, J. FENNELL, J. ROEDER, and P. ANDERSON Space and Environment Technology Center Technology Operations Prepared for SPACE AND MISSILE SYSTEMS CENTER AIR FORCE MATERIEL COMMAND E.

El Segundo BoulevardCited by: The major environmental problems that are encountered by space vehicles during their flight and orbit in space are due to radiation, thermo-vacuum environment and meteoroid impact.

In the present chapter we discuss some of these problems involving both ground and space environments and their effects on composite materials and structures. The structural properties of composite materials are derived primarily from the fiber reinforcement.

In a composite, the fiber, held in place by the matrix resin, contributes tensile strength, enhancing performance properties in the final part, such as strength and stiffness, while minimizing weight. In this paper, we describe the configuration of a portable space charge measurement system, and introduce an example of a PEA unit mountable in a vacuum chamber.

The results suggest that the portable space charge observation system is applicable to space environment monitoring as well as various industrial research fields.Other characteristics of the space environment, some anticipated and some unexpected, were also experienced by these early probes.

Such characteristics include a very hard (that is, relatively very pure) vacuum, so-called zero gravity, high solar illumination levels, radiation, and micrometeorite hazards.

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